How AI, robots and smart glasses are changing healthcare

For complex cancer surgery, London-based surgeon Dr. Shafi Ahmed – known for performing the world’s first virtual reality surgery and live streaming – Help with Dr. Shailesh Shrikhande, the deputy director of Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai. They used one Microsoft Hololens to connect remotely. The Hololens smart glasses use sensors, advanced optics, and holographic processing to display information and blend in with the real world.
Dr. Shrikhande says his virtual avatar entered the London operating room. Accessing the patient’s reviews and scans, he stood and talked to other doctors as if they were in the room together. Doctors viewed 3D holograms of scans of the tumor floating in front of them and had specialists virtually draw the image to aid the discussion. And all while the patient was sitting on the operating table.
“What was considered a fantasy is already a reality for doctors,” says Dr. Shrikhande. In healthcare, new age digital technologies are enabling doctors around the world to network, get faster diagnosis, and improve robotic performance in operations.
While the basics of medicine are changing, according to Dr. Shrikhande doesn’t change, access to data and expertise from around the world is an immense aid in quick decision-making. He says that highly personalized medicine is possible through the rapid decryption of information by the machine. Since the early efforts of IBM WatsonMuch effort has been made to use AI for better diagnosis. “AI and ML are studied by my colleagues in pathology to improve prognosis and prediction, such as assessing response after chemotherapy. The idea is to scan tons and tons of slides to develop an AI-based algorithm that can predict which tumors may respond to which treatment, ”says Dr. Shrikhande, who was the second Indian and first Indian cancer surgeon last year, to be awarded the Honorary Fellowship of the American Surgical Association, the world’s most prestigious and oldest surgical association.
AI-driven clinical care has the potential to play an important role in reducing health inequalities, especially in resource-poor countries like India.
Dr. Shrikhande says Robotic operations These improve precision and take away the human element – such as fine finger and wrist movements – and are also of great help in operations on prostate, rectal, kidney, neck and head cancer. “A robot is a tireless assistant. While the surgeon remains in charge, it’s the robotic arms that do everything up to the suturing and make complex operations possible, ”he says.
Tata Memorial Hospital has performed the highest number of gastrointestinal, pancreatic, rectal and other robotic surgeries in the world. The results of robot Operations have been found to be vastly superior to those of a human. “The more extensive the adaptation to the technology, the lower the costs for such special procedures,” says Dr. Shrikhande.

Medical technology is the future of healthcare, offering a whole new world of job opportunities for tech freaks in the healthcare sector and patient care. Technologies like AI, machine learning, nanotechnology, IoT, robotics and 3D printing are just a few examples of technologies that play an important role in healthcare.

Shailesh Shrikhande, associate director of Tata Memorial Hospital


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